Tube / Pipe Body Connection / Tool Joint OD: 7. The resulting positive shoulder allows the customer to achieve higher torque values and extended thread life during casing running operations. The outer diameter of casing is ranging from 4 1/2" to 20". 90 7,480 9,980 12,470 247. Casing can be exposed to different loads while installation, drilling next section and producing from the well. The ability of casing to perform properly depends on the physical integrity of the pipe body and connections (threads). and Thread Inspection of Casing, Tubing, and Line Pipe Threads METRIC - API THREAD LENGTH FOR MAKE-UP LOSS O. Stab the pin into the box and slack off full joint weight on the connection. There is also an API 11. If your wall socket only has two pins, you can create a "ground" by connecting an earthing strap (or just thick wire) to a water pipe, and connect the earth-line from the PC to the ground. We have operations in Camrose, Calgary and Red Deer, Alberta; and Regina, Saskatchewan. Top Connection. With the aid of a looped strap and a suitable lifting device, such as an overhead crane or the arm of a forklift, pick up the strap to compress the blades and springs located on the. Halliburton is the only oilfield services provider to offer both cementing services and casing equipment globally. Functional requirements: - strength -sealing properties, -resistance to damage, corrosion or erosion. Press casing assembly onto connection barbs by lining up all corners with the corner key alignment tabs. Casing Connection Selection for Geothermal Applications Using Input From HPHT and Thermal Wells Testing Protocols Mustaffa Merliahmad, Tenaris. Our tubing and casing with Changbao CB110S-13Cr premium connection has been used in CO 2 corrosive gas well of CNPC, the performance is listed in following table. API casing thread types include short round thread, long round thread, buttress, and extreme-line. 0 Inspection Class: Maximum MUT: 21,450 ft-lbs. The connection threads in the casing body amplify the local stresses and lower the LCF resistance. ) behind the leak. casing string for well production and also as a conduit for a fracture stimulation. The PVC Difference. No need to purchase expensive premium pipe in advance. Nippon Steel contributes to the creation of a sustainable society with environment-friendly steel production based on life cycle thinking. 2015 Casing Reference Tables World Oil®/JANUARY 2015 C-109 Dimension nomenclature D = Casing nominal OD of tube, in. "Dresser" couplings and tees are designed to be used for quick connections, system modifications or repairs. Departments. - Withstands high breakout torque: (field trials in temperatures ranging from 50 C (122F) through 400 Celsius (752F) at the bottom of the borehole, showed. Oilfield Pipe Threading Services Downhole Threading Services provides standard casing and tubing connection types including DTS4, DTL, DTS-6, DTS-8 and Drill Pipe. Main technical parameters* Thread Profile - resistant trapeziform For tubing:. Goulds 6K3, Plug, casing (Quantity 2), Zinc Plated Steel Material, 6 x 8-13, 8 x 10-13, 4 x 6-16 Connection, Fits Model 18BF, 19 BF, 20BF JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. API OCTG steel tubing and casing coupling for premium connection thread, US $ 19 - 249 / Piece, API, API5Ct,API 5L, API 5CT, API J55-API P110. Thanks Ade Solarin Drilling Engr. Casing is run to protect fresh water formations, isolate a zone of lost returns or isolate formations with significantly different pressure gradients. LEFFER offers a full range of casings, casing joints, bottom casings, and accessories designed to meet the rigorous demands of fully cased pile boring for large diameter and deep foundations in the most difficult soil conditions including hard rock. The connections are threaded in accordance with API 5B. Weatherford approached the challenge of connection-integrity mistakes by taking what is currently a manpower-intensive process and automating it. DWC/C™ is the original Threaded and Coupled (T&C) solution for casing rotation applications that exceed API Buttress torque capabilities. The main purpose of Casing Drilling, or Casing while Drilling (CwD), is to eliminate classic casing runs and isolate formations while drilling. Improvements in integral joint connections (IJC) for casing in the past decade have allowed operators to drill wells previously not feasible to drill for economic or technology reasons. It is deduced that the make up torque of the field end for the pullout casing connection is lower than the optimum torque specified in API RP 5C1, i. >>The casing couplings are applied in casing whose sizes are from 4-1/2 to 20inch. Leak-proof connections that are strong and durable are critical to oil and gas distribution networks. com and search for 15753-7. It is the responsibility of the end user to ensure that the material will perform. Conductor Casing Pile Driving Assessment Testing and Monitoring a Large-Diameter Conductor Casing Connection During Hammering Installation and Assessing Its Performance Stress Engineering Services, Inc. Inspect threads, Box and Pin by running your fingers round the threads gently with special concentration on seal in other to check for any possible damage. VAM ® Research & Development teams can customize connection designs to new sizes or meet requirements. GB Connections Drilling with Casing Connections are semi-premium connections used for high torque and fatigue resistant applications. What gives each grade its distinct properties is the kind of heat treatment applied. Grade: J55, k55, N80,. Nationwide Coils offers a wide range of connections for every job, allowing our customers the best possible results every time (MPT, FPT, Sweat, and Victaulic). This inspection is principally for critical inspection of special upsets, integral connections and ends of high-strength pipe. Burst pressure loading conditions occur during well control operations, casing pressure integrity tests, pumping operations, and production operations. High Viscosity Gel Application WHEN: For pipelines with a metallic short (i. Casing Diameter The useful life of the casing ends when ground movement pinches or shears the casing, preventing the probe from passing through. Quik-Thread: Rotate approximately 2 1/2 turns to fully make up. The seal is energized when the spool is installed over the casing stub and the flange connection is made up. For more information go to www. 1ReferencetechnicalpaperAADE-11-NTCE-5. Jack de Nijs owns and operates Deronde Tire Supply, Inc. CROSSWORD SOLVER. Since I didn’t want to spend money on new clothes and my old ones didn’t fit me anymore, I decided to alter them by adding elastic bands on my some of my clothes! Learn how to sew elastic casing below!. Connection qualification testing was conducted to maximize confidence in the premium connections and field running procedures. The casing pipe coupling is a kind of oilfield drilling tool, which is mainly used for the connection of the oil pipe, and mainly solves the problem that the existing coupling easily generates fatigue fracture due to stress concentration. It is driven by a high-torque motor attached directly to the winch axle (Fig. Drift API Drift Special Drift. CASING & TUBING. Cascade offers the benefits of a national partner with the personal attention of a local contractor. casing, and line pipe. The pipes have male and female trapezoidal thread ends for jointing. 2) Wash pipe for gravel packing. Integrating TMK IPSCO casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are. Swaging and expanding are metal forming operations that are typically performed cold during the manufacture of premium integral joint connections. • The need for a surface powered electromagnet,. NBP vinyl accessories are produced using high quality vinyl compounds. Inspect threads, Box and Pin by running your fingers round the threads gently with special concentration on seal in other to check for any possible damage. Casing Crews. Back to Products. Grades: J55, K55, N80Q, L80, C95, P110, Q125,SS95,SS110, 13Cr, 28Cr,Connections: BTC, VAMTOP, NEW VAM. The SlipLock slip-type casing connection system can be used as an alternative to the conventional weld-on or threaded casing connection. • The selection of a suitable thread compound is an integral part of casing connection design and should be properly matched with the type of connection selected. This feature eliminates the need to drill the large diameter hole with a Rock Bit, pull the drill rod string and Rock Bit from the hole and then ream the casing back into the hole. All working gages are manufactured and certified using a certified API reference master gage as required by the standard. Stainless Steel 304 (flush threaded) PVC (flush threaded) other noncemented connections, only NSF- approved materials for casing or potable water applications. introduction health and safety visual identification of casing/tubulars api grades of casing visual inspection equipment check list visual inspection process types of connection drifting visual identification of threads the end refreshment. Select ADVANCED NJO ADVANCED NJO-S1 ATS-E ATS-E/H1 ATS-E/LW ATS-E/SC BIG NJO BTB DWC/C DWC/C PLUS DWC/C-2SB-SR DWC/C-2SCB DWC/C-2SCB PLUS DWC/C-HT DWC/C-HT PLUS DWC/C-HT-SR DWC/C-HT-SR PLUS DWC/C-IS PLUS DWC/C-SB DWC/C-SC DWC/C-SR DWC/C-SR PLUS DWC/C-W DWC/C/B-SR DWC/C/B-SR PLUS DWC/DS DWC/DS-SR DWC/DS/B-SR FL-4S GP-FJS HD-L HD-L/L HD-L/OS HFR1. • Large internal bore and external flow path allow high rate circulation for maximum wellbore cleaning. connections. Cosmetic info: It is a purple colored casing with tamagotchi stickers mostly on the back two on the front( some of the stickers are peeling). concentration of Buttress casing connection and could be an alternative to the development of new products. In addition, it can be configured to run with a wide range of pump rates. casing string for well production and also as a conduit for a fracture stimulation. By being API Buttress-compatible, operators can use standard API accessories and count on a wide range of threading and repair shops. A description of the various types of casing connections is given. — (AP) — Many people saw more than the last moments of Ahmaud Arbery's life when a video emerged this week of white men armed with guns confronting the black man, a struggle. * Drawworks brand mud fill tools that can be run off top drive rigs or conventional hook type rigs (Kelly Rigs). Casing that is cemented in place aids the drilling process in several ways: Prevent contamination of fresh water well zones. Search for other Tire Dealers on The Real Yellow Pages®. In this post, you’ll learn what is a centrifugal pump? and how it works, Its parts, types and difference between centrifugal pump and reciprocating pump. 4 When filling stack, ensure that the choke manifold can be pumped through. Metal sealing, double anti-torque steps and high-efficiency connecting threads are effectively combined together. Casing Connection Ltd. NEMA Enclosure Types The purpose of this document is to provide general information on the definitions of NEMA Enclosure Types to architects, engineers, installers, inspectors and other interested parties. proudly services drilling and completions rigs all across the State of Texas and surrounding States. Geometry and mesh of a 2D finite element model of an 18-5/8 inch diameter casing connection. Casing Connection ltd began its services in 2010 and since then we pride ourselves with the highest quality casings in the industry. 43 cm) to 20 inches (50. Even casing thread are indirectly related to the casing cost, but everybody in oil industry are fully aware that casing thread connection is inevitable attribute that must be considered to support drilling process and complete the well safely. • The selection of a suitable thread compound is an integral part of casing connection design and should be properly matched with the type of connection selected. A deal was created between the two and the company was formed. Interestingly, the NEC allows the grounded-to-case connections for existing ranges, dryers, and ovens as limited in 250. First generation premium threaded and coupled connection for casing. Torque Turn integrated casing tongs and NOV's casing-ready pipe rackers enable the rig crew to perform all casing pipe handling and logging. SEAL-LOCK FLUSH is a flush OD premium connection with metal-to-metal seal, hooked thread form and external torque shoulder for liner applications. 25 in) thick filter pack (this is especially important where the aquifer is composed of very fine materials). High bottom hole temperatures, thermal cycles, high well-head steam pressure require connections with high compression ratings, corrosion. VAroughneck connection at power-tight make-up VAroughneck connection at tension load combined with internal pressure VAroughneck connection at compression load VAroughneck was developed specifically for well applications where rotation of the casing is required. Source from Cangzhou Kunyuan Petroleum Equipment Co. A wide variety of casing connection options are available to you, such as union, active, and tee. We supply all seamless and ERW casing pipes according to API Spec 5CT latest edition. w = Casing weight, lb/ft d = ID (drift), in. Another commonly used practice for installing casing pipe is to weld the pipe into a ribbon and then to pull the pipe directionally through a previously drilled hole. CROSSWORD SOLVER. Nominal Weight, Wall Thickness, Connection Type. 2 Units of Measure 21. 5% of well breakdown cost. -V thread, which has 11. Press casing assembly onto connection barbs by lining up all corners with the corner key alignment tabs. The NaviSHOE offers the flexibility to run on cemented or un-cemented casing strings, completions, liners and sand control screens. Their design allows for high-angle stabbing, self-alignment and automatic locking of pin and box. This article descirbes the Tubing and Casing Connections Functional and Operational requirements. 2015 Casing Reference Tables World Oil®/JANUARY 2015 C-109 Dimension nomenclature D = Casing nominal OD of tube, in. Geothermal. SEALMAKER provides a full line of casing repair solutions for nearly any downhole condition to quickly and efficiently restore integrity to the casing. EVRAZ is the largest producer of oil country tubular goods in Western Canada. Torque Turn integrated casing tongs and NOV’s casing-ready pipe rackers enable the rig crew to perform all casing pipe handling and logging. We carry a diverse stock of inventory strategically located across the country. For more information on our products please call 1-800-323-3329. We'll show you how to pick the right connector for the job, and how to prepare. Then the system automatically controls the final makeup speeds, detects shoulder torques, and evaluates connections. In this post, you’ll learn what is a centrifugal pump? and how it works, Its parts, types and difference between centrifugal pump and reciprocating pump. Casing connections are one of the most critical components in thermal wells in terms of the wellbore structural and pressure integrities. Elevate or Essential Exterior Casing Installation Instruction 6. OCTG Casing and Tubing; EVRlock Connections; Recycling; OCTG Casing and Tubing. Used: Casing - Used Casing can be Inspected to 0 - 12½", 12½" -15%, 15%- 18%; and or Hydrostatically Tested and Full Length Drifted. Whether you need to ream casing to bottom, rotate during cementing, or drill with casing, MLT Rings enable success. LEFFER offers a full range of casings, casing joints, bottom casings, and accessories designed to meet the rigorous demands of fully cased pile boring for large diameter and deep foundations in the most difficult soil conditions including hard rock. The Premium Connection Series is a special range of casing tubing accessories that are manufactured and marketed by the Oil Country Tubular Goods Supply. and weight. In conventional wells the production casing is generally set below the target zone, but it can stop above the target zone if it is desirable to change drilling fluid for penetrating the target zone. Serving as the structural retainer for the walls of a drilled hole, Trident Steel offers a range of casing sizes so that customers can select the exact product for their needs. What gives each grade its distinct properties is the kind of heat treatment applied. GB Tubulars Connections  – GB Tubulars Drilling with Casing Connections are semi-premium connections used for high torque and fatigue resistant applications. We carry a diverse stock of inventory strategically located across the country. Premium connection casing and tubing is a high technical product combining practice and theory. In high drag scenarios, this method may require the use of torque-shouldered premium connections where the casing can be rotated under load without fear of joint failure. All casing and tubing threaded connections come with Phosphating finishing and Sharpe offers clients the added advantage of an in-house Bucking unit for coupling and/ or connection make-up and break-out available for joints up to and including 11 ¾" OD. The straight section is designed for deep stabbing, while the tapered section provides negative load flank threads, capable of providing sealing to 100% internal pressure while preventing. The TMK UP™ products include threaded and couples connections for greater cased hole strength and slim profile integral connections that preserve a large casing internal diameter. Suction Pipe with a Foot Valve and Strainer. @article{osti_7199725, title = {Makeup torques for API-type round thread casing connections with non-API weights, grades, and coupling diameters}, author = {Hainey, M. Steel encasement pipe is commonly used to protect underground utility lines from damage due to nature or human activity. Main technical parameters* Thread Profile - resistant trapeziform For tubing:. Back to Oil and Gas Top. The reason to use premium connection is due to it's high seal performances, high strength, and longer durability. Oil States' Merlin™ connection, in service since the mid 1980s, has been field proven in a variety of applications including: casing, conductor, TLP tethers, drilling and completion riser, caissons and FPSO turrets. The superior design of EZGO™ makes it capable of outperforming competitors' connections in multiple areas. Integrating TMK IPSCO casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are. Jack de Nijs owns and operates Deronde Tire Supply, Inc. These vacuum insulated casing use an effective getter to ensure the tubing insulation grade do not decrease after a long time of outdoor storage. Casing is large diameter pipe that is assembled and inserted into a recently drilled section of a borehole and typically held into place with cement. Well Casing is the tube-shaped structure placed in the well to maintain the well opening from the target ground water to the surface. API connections meet or exceed all American Petroleum Institute (API) specifications. RSC's come in two sub-categories: API connections (American Petroleum Institute) Premium connections. and weight. Scope: Drill Stem Subs and threading on rotary shoulder connections. ) or MATERIAL C&BTR Southern Yellow Pine CCA Treated Cherry Clear Cedar Clear Fir Clear Pine Clear Yellow Pine Finger Joint Fir FJ Primed Cedar AYE & BTR Flexible (short lead time) Knotty Cedar Knotty Pine Lightweight Primed MDF Mahogany Maple Oak Poplar Primed FJ Pine Primed FJ Poplar PVC STD & BTR Spruce (Primed, Oak, PVC, etc. A two wire pump has 3 wires, usually 2 black wires and 1 green wire. Except for extreme-line, the connections all include use of a coupling. Description. Standard sizes: 4-1/2" - 13-5/8" Connections Datasheet. Moreover, Octal is engaged in providing various premium connection casing pipe, for the server working conditions. Tight clearance downhole requires a connection strong enough to do the job without a coupling. Fracing pressures, high loads, and extreme torque requirements have pushed past the limits of first-generation connections, API and premium casing connections. Casing & Tubing - ONLINE AUCTION for Network International – Auction Event – Ends 5/27/20. The connection must be able to seal well pressure and transmit mechanical loads in any direction. • In theory, high SR’s cause accelerated pin failure and low SR accelerated box failure. Casing while Drilling is also a hazard mitigation solution. offers operators and service providers a full complement of Offline Cement ing support equipment. Tough Weld. collect in the coil. This provides greater joint strength and economy than possible with other types of joints. Operational requirements:-easy to make-up and break-out in the field (e. The special end area inspection is designed to detect transverse and longitudinal defects on the inside and outside surfaces of the end areas including the pins, couplings, threads and upsets. Oil Center Research. Our goal has always been to provide outstanding service each and every job and maintain a very competitive price for our customers. Select Alt. The NaviSHOE tool converts simple casing reciprocation into an indexing rotation at the tool allowing it to orientate the nose over or past obstructions anywhere in the well. Ruitai Products API 5CT OCTG casing ,tubing pipe and Sand Control Screen pipe products are purpose-built to meet today's drilling challenges. API OCTG steel tubing and casing coupling for premium connection thread, US $ 19 - 249 / Piece, API, API5Ct,API 5L, API 5CT, API J55-API P110. Pipe performance is discussed as well as material selection. It is the Best online casino real money games like roulette, blackjack, and slots because it has an array of games that include: Online stimulators. Send Messages. RE: API pump pressure casing connection : flange vs thread 1gibson (Mechanical) 10 Oct 16 18:55 The first connection to the seal has to be threaded, in most cases you won't be able to get it in/out of the pump if there is a flange welded to it. Casing is specified by grade, outer diameter (in or mm), nominal weight (lb/ft or kg/m) and connection type. The flexible push-pull cable hardware that we provide is trusted for applications in many different markets, and your organization's applications can rely on our housing and casings. OEM Style Japanese Motorcycle Wiring Terminals and Connectors for Yamaha, Kawasaki, Suzuki and Honda Motorcycles. GB Tubulars Connections  – GB Tubulars Drilling with Casing Connections are semi-premium connections used for high torque and fatigue resistant applications. Integrating TMK IPSCO casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are. Initially, the skelp is cut according to the required length, resulting in a flat rectangular sheet, which will then be fed into a rolling machine. We provide standard completions through complex deepwater and ultra-deepwater HPHT tubular completion installations. These defects might have a bad influence on the products’ strength and connection. Tubing thread types include nonupset (NUE), external-upset (EUE), and integral joint. Automation advance delivers safer, more certain casing connections. It combines the strengths of API Buttress with additional. In general, casing provides structure and strength to the walls of the well hole so that it doesn’t collapse on itself. Signs of unsafe connections Electrical cable connectors have been used to join two separate pieces of cable in order to extend the overall length of cable. Casing with premium connection equivalent to NSCC We supply all seamless and ERW casing and tubing according to API Spec 5CT latest edition, both API connections and premium connections. Water well casing leak diagnosis & repair: This article describes the diagnosis and repair of leaky water well casings. New integral joint connections can withstand greater loads, increasing their range of applications. connection to transmit torque, integral anti-rotation tabs can be engaged using a hand-held Hilti tool or manual shear tool. The Casing String Design Program for Windows, Casing2, has been developed jointly by Lone Star Steel Company and Maurer Engineering Inc. TUBING CONNECTIONS TTS-6 Our TTS-6 connection is a 6 threads per inch, two-step connection with upset ends, provides trouble-free stabbing and make-up. For example, if you have a broken inner cable, consider “WHY has it broken ?”. Premium connection is a higher class connection type for used to connect casing or tubing pipelines. connection a light coat of lubricant. ) behind the leak. presented by mogekwu chinye kelvin venue havilah energy conference room 2. 717 in Weight: 32. 5 mm diameter. Tension: 38-50% of pipe body yield. 625″ diameter. Casing Companies in Odessa on YP. casing manufacturers could reduce the temperature in their tempering furnaces by a few degrees and market casing as “high collapse” with little or no increase in processing cost. Find their customers, contact information, and details on 229 shipments. ISO 13679 CAL IV approved Excellent gas seal-ability under combined load Easy stabbing, No cross threading Superior Anti-galling performance Easy repairing Suitable for low alloy & carbon steel pipe Description. The most effective innovations are often the most simple in design. Maintaining a willingness to evolve, developing new techniques, researching new. There is also an API 11. These pipes are prepared and supplied in two variants. The special end area inspection is designed to detect transverse and longitudinal defects on the inside and outside surfaces of the end areas including the pins, couplings, threads and upsets. >>Material has excellent performance in hardness and anti-collapse. Permalok ® is a proprietary steel casing pipe joining system that employs a press-fit interlocking connection system for joining casing pipe sections in the field, faster than any other system. Inspired by the light sabers, the BitFenix Saber is designed to be sharp and edgy while. CASING & TUBING. * Drawworks brand mud fill tools that can be run off top drive rigs or conventional hook type rigs (Kelly Rigs). We utilize integral tongs, computer, and handling tools for tubing. Pitless units, which consist of a pitless adapter and casing, are also an acceptable method to connect pumping equipment to drilled wells. Offline cementing operations provide a number of benefits in today's complex, multi-well unconventional environment. The use of threaded connection instead of welding is justified by the major productivity and the reversibility of the threaded connections 1. INTRODUCTION The choice casing depths and specification of the materials weights and connections is vital to the. See also our Metal One Connections. The casing connection pulled out from the field end during running in the well. The use of Portland cement is favored for treating Problem 1. The hooked thread form and enhanced connection geometry provide easy make-up and eliminates radial separation. We provide standard completions through complex deepwater and ultra-deepwater HPHT tubular completion installations. A7 HSD socket casing, 4-pin SW --- --- --- ---A8 SW 4-pin socket casing --- --- Connection to USB/AUX-IN jack B X14118 A9 Socket contact AUX_NF left VI 0. During manufacture of a cable assembly, the inner shafting, outer casing and fittings are all matched together, and if you attempt to fit a new inner cable into another outer casing, disaster will almost always result. VAM® Connection Selection Guide. Bending Strength Ratio (BSR) • BSR is the ratio of the relative bending stiffness of the box to the pin for a BHA connection. We also provide premium casing connections as a lower cost alternative to VAM Top and former VAM New proprietary connections. Install a pitless unit onto the new casing to provide a sanitary connection to the well. Applications can be designed after thorough analysis of the downhole condition, leak severity, leak depth, and wellbore construction. If the ohmmeter moves appreciably when this is done, there is a ground in either the cable or the motor winding. Flush joint connection for Severe liner applications. For example, if you have a broken inner cable, consider “WHY has it broken ?”. An outer diameter of 114. Integrating TMK IPSCO casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are. List of options Special Clearance is a connection with a reduced Outside Diameter. Others special connectors Chemical compositions of casing pipe. 250” 10” 20” 0. The helix angle of the patented, interlocking thread form, in combination with other connector geometries creates a preload force between the pin and box. Integrating TMK casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are tested under the toughest. Source from Cangzhou Kunyuan Petroleum Equipment Co. The HSC ® Premium has been designed to give outstanding performance in all types of oilfield applications, including high collapse conditions, CO2 and H2S. proudly services drilling and completions rigs all across the State of Texas and surrounding States. For other casing data, refer to Toolpushers Manual or specific manufacturer's specifications. 2(b)) with a specially designed connector. Long threads have obvious advantages that are widely used in casing pipe connections. the average stress in the casing body. 1 This specification covers water well casing pipe and couplings made from thermoplastic materials in standard dimension ratios (SDR), SCH 40 and SCH 80. #N#Revata Engineering offers a wide variety Couplings for Casing, Tubings and Line Pipes. Use of the anti-rotation tabs increases breakout torque to as high as 90,000 ft-lb, depending on the number of tabs engaged. All BTS™ specification data can be found here. If necessary, extend the release cable (Item 4, Figure 4). The profile is a V or wedge-shape but slightly rounded at the crest and valleys of the threads. Figure 5-1 Packer and Casing Joint with Shear Tie. No Cross Thread Connection. 35 mm2 In 54-pin socket casing of High charger/hands-free. What Are Some Of The Biggest Grammar Pet Peeves? Are GMOs Good Or Bad?. Service Disconnecting Means [250. The experimental validation of connection test load envelope and failure limit loads is relevant to design of tubing and casing for the oil and natural gas industries. Each year VAM ® designs new connections, extends product lines and qualifies new sizes to the most stringent specifications to meet our customer needs. 0% Metric Imperial. Steel casing is used to protect water mains, gas pipes, electrical power cables, fiber optic cables, and other applications. Enhanced Corrosion Resistance – A premium tube for a premium thread. Back to Oil and Gas Top. The hydraulic casing makeup tool applies isolated, downhole makeup torque across a casing connection. 338 Metal-Free OCR Modified is an economical thread compound for use on API connections on casing, tubing. (2005), four types of insert were tested: • Smooth casing inserts, which modeled cased micropiles grouted in a predrilled hole through the footing without texturing of the casing surface. 3 mm to 244. Premium Connections. Precision is dedicated to the development of new premium and semi-premium connections to meet the challenges of horizontal well completions. casing/connections during rotating operations are presented in the list below. com offers 1,952 casing connection products. Production casing is the conduit through which the well will be completed, produced and controlled throughout its life. Connections: STC (Short round Thread Casing), LC (Long round Thread Casing), BC (Buttress Thread Casing), XC (Extreme-Line Casing). The profile is a V or wedge-shape but slightly rounded at the crest and valleys of the threads. com and search for 15753-7. The grade reflects the material composition and yield strength of the casing material. The casing head is attached to a casing (tubular pipe) and provides a connection at its upper end to the wellhead equipment located there above. Specification of Casing Roller. The Premium Connection Series is a special range of casing tubing accessories that are manufactured and marketed by the Oil Country Tubular Goods Supply. Tubing and casing are subject to loads which include internal pressure, external pressure, axial tension, axial compression, bending torsion, transverse forces and temperature. The SlipLock slip-type casing connection system can be used as an alternative to the conventional weld-on or threaded casing connection. For casing running services we use appropriate tongs and handling tools up to 13 3/8″. As a safe and proven apparatus for connection testing technology, Tuboscope's ISO-Gator exposes tubular leaks undetectable by other methods for external applications. Threads are used as mechanical means to hold the neighboring joints together during axial tension or compression. Cable Connections is an industry leader in manufacturing specialized cable assemblies and custom wire harnesses for a wide range of markets. Burst pressure loading conditions occur during well control operations, casing pressure integrity tests, pumping operations, and production operations. Model Connection Type Taper Per Foot (TPF) Threads Per Inch (TPI) TP-RTC-8R API 8-Round Casing, Tubing & Drill Pipe ¾" 8 TP-RTC-10R API 10-Round Tubing ¾" 10 TP-5BTC75-INT API Buttress Casing, Internal, 4½" - 13⅜" ¾" 5. 250” 10” 20” 0. They are expressed compared to the pipe loadings. Another commonly used practice for installing casing pipe is to weld the pipe into a ribbon and then to pull the pipe directionally through a previously drilled hole. (Casing, Base, Crown, etc. Quik-Stab Connectors provide fast make-up and reliable, weight-set connections for large diameter tubulars. Automation advance delivers safer, more certain casing connections. Available in Russia. Premium Connections. 00 lbs/ft Tool Joint ID: 6. By using connections which are equipped to handle higher levels of operational and yield torque, pressure, compression, and tension, our clients are confident knowing that EZGO™ Connections are reliable and will not fail. Seamless Casing ERW Casing Connections: P (Plain end) STC (short threads) LTC (long threads) BTC (buttress threads) Premium gas-tight connectors. It has it's battery cover and the screw that hold it in place. "Dresser" couplings and tees are designed to be used for quick connections, system modifications or repairs. Integrating TMK IPSCO casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are. w = Casing weight, lb/ft d = ID (drift), in. Interestingly, the NEC allows the grounded-to-case connections for existing ranges, dryers, and ovens as limited in 250. (mm) EUE Thread Length (mm) Short Thread Length (mm) Long Thread Length (mm) Buttress Thread Length (mm) 60. 140 and at meter enclosures located in accordance with 250. Main technical parameters* Thread Profile - resistant trapeziform For tubing:. In addition, based on the interest in the development of gas-tight threaded connections for expandable casing, the FEM was subjected to a radial expansion of a 20% increase in the outside diameter. LEFFER offers a full range of casings, casing joints, bottom casings, and accessories designed to meet the rigorous demands of fully cased pile boring for large diameter and deep foundations in the most difficult soil conditions including hard rock. Try connecting a different computer to the router. Presently capable of supplying GB CD Butt connections. The diversion is placed between the suction and discharge manifold of a booster set. Ciaraldi in 1986 documented the decrease in SSC resistance due to cold working of L80 casing with premium connections. to connect drill stem components that have different diameters that warrant the cross-sectional change necessary to accommodate different connections. - Withstands high breakout torque: (field trials in temperatures ranging from 50 C (122F) through 400 Celsius (752F) at the bottom of the borehole, showed. The words "casing" and "tubing" apply to the service application and not to the diameter of the pipe. This document is available in Paper format. A7 HSD socket casing, 4-pin SW --- --- --- ---A8 SW 4-pin socket casing --- --- Connection to USB/AUX-IN jack B X14118 A9 Socket contact AUX_NF left VI 0. Rugged 90 deg. There are several loads which have to be considered when designing a casing string. Casing Connection Ltd. the average stress in the casing body. More MLT info here. API pipe and connections can be used for surface casing, intermediate casing, production casing, and production liners. Production casing is the conduit through which the well will be completed, produced and controlled throughout its life. Select Matched Strength Regular Regular SC73 SC75 SC76 SC77 SC78 SC80 SC90 SC95. List of options Special Clearance is a connection with a reduced Outside Diameter. 3 mm to 244. The bow-spring centralizer sub is especially well suited for use in casing strings with ultratight clearance. 2015 Casing Reference Tables World Oil®/JANUARY 2015 C-109 Dimension nomenclature D = Casing nominal OD of tube, in. The special end area inspection is designed to detect transverse and longitudinal defects on the inside and outside surfaces of the end areas including the pins, couplings, threads and upsets. Well Depth (TVD) = 8000 feet, Drill pipe capacity = 0. Bid on 5-1/2in Casing, 23#, P110, LTC Connection, 269jts in our surplus auctions. Using rig air lines, the ISO-Gator operates as an on-and-off unit and tests in only seconds per connection. Some literature mention casing (and downhole equipment) contributes up to 15. 6 Production casing. Tubing Products: Non upset tubing (NU) 1. Thread seal connection: Same thread form as SUPERMAX. 059 in Grade: P110 Drift: 5. The unit allows six welders to work in limited space with efficiency and speed, while at the same time having a standy welding machine available and 100% standby generating capacity. Register free and start bidding today across more than 500 categories. »Continental Casing »Custom Rubber »C. JM Eagle’s Eagle Loc Well Casing features a spline-locking system that requires no cementing or fusion welding. VAM ® Research & Development teams can customize connection designs to new sizes or meet requirements. casing or drilling liner becomes part of the completion string. Select ADVANCED NJO ADVANCED NJO-S1 ATS-E ATS-E/H1 ATS-E/LW ATS-E/SC BIG NJO BTB DWC/C DWC/C PLUS DWC/C-2SB-SR DWC/C-2SCB DWC/C-2SCB PLUS DWC/C-HT DWC/C-HT PLUS DWC/C-HT-SR DWC/C-HT-SR PLUS DWC/C-IS PLUS DWC/C-SB DWC/C-SC DWC/C-SR DWC/C-SR PLUS DWC/C-W DWC/C/B-SR DWC/C/B-SR PLUS DWC/DS DWC/DS-SR DWC/DS/B-SR FL-4S GP-FJS HD-L HD-L/L HD-L/OS HFR1. The logical basis for a higher axial design factor (DF) is to multiply the pipe body axial design factor by the ratio of the minimum ultimate tensile strength. API Casing 8-ROUND SHORT Threads. Casing Connection's daily procurement services help ensure that each truck tire is properly recycled in an eco friendly way. API casing pipe BTC LTC STC premium connection. The superior design of EZGO™ makes it capable of outperforming competitors’ connections in multiple areas. TMK is an industry leader in seamless and welded pipe, premium connections and accessories with the strength of more than twenty manufacturing. Drilling with casing and tubing has become a reliable alternative to conventional drilling. Founded in 1979, Steel Service is a leading distributor of premium chrome and alloy production tubing. Login to submit to projects, get auditions and get booked!. It include EU/external upset threaded oilfield tubing, NU/non upset threaded oil well drill pipe, BC/buttress thread steel casing pipe, LC/long circle thread oilfield casing tube, and STC/short circle thread oil casing tube. Versatility and open communications ensure growth and success while building long-lasting, authentic relationships-TEAMWORK. proudly services drilling and completions rigs all across the State of Texas and surrounding States. If API casing connection joint strengths calculated with the previous formulae are the basis of a design, the designer should use higher axial design factors for the connection analysis. If wires come loose, you could get arcing and overheating, which could lead to a fire, However, thanks to reliable connectors and terminals, it's fairly easy to make safe, strong connections. Source from Cangzhou Kunyuan Petroleum Equipment Co. It is the responsibility of the end user to ensure that the material will perform. These vacuum insulated casing use an effective getter to ensure the tubing insulation grade do not decrease after a long time of outdoor storage. Where tensile and axial loads on casing are high, such as that encountered in deep high-angle holes, extra joint strength is needed. Login to submit to projects, get auditions and get booked!. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Brandon’s connections and jobs at similar companies. Product Model:2 3/8"~9 5/8" Feature Description: CO 2 corrosion resistant premium connection tubing and casing, with good performance in CO 2 corrosion resistant, which is specially designed by seal lock connection applies to sour oil & gas well that contains CO 2 or both CO 2 and CL¯. CO 2 corrosion resistant premium connection tubing and casing. Tubing thread types include nonupset (NUE), external-upset (EUE), and integral joint. Lafayette, La. Using rig air lines, the ISO-Gator operates as an on-and-off unit and tests in only seconds per connection. Torque Turn integrated casing tongs and NOV’s casing-ready pipe rackers enable the rig crew to perform all casing pipe handling and logging. Controls speed during make-up (optional) Available with optional pressure test system. Threads are used as mechanical means to hold the neighboring joints together during axial tension or compression. There are other manufacturing issues that can lead to thread problems. From the founding of Frank’s Casing Crew & Rental Tools in 1938, Frank’s International has built a reputation as a premier, trusted provider of casing and tubular running services for applications around the world. I won't be talking about connections for casing or tubing. With over 20,000 tons of OCTG in stock, GB Tubulars is equipped to supply its customers with as many downhole solutions possible while maintaining its unbeatable service in an ever-changing energy industry. If the casing sets above the ground, the Standard Deep Well Pump will fit over the top and screw into the sides of the casing. The torque-position assembly parameters have been developed for most SC (short round thread casing), LC (long round thread casing), BC (buttress thread casing), and EU (external upset tubing) connections. The clear message is that the craft is based on knowledge and experience. Thanks Ade Solarin Drilling Engr. Our casing is available in a variety of grades, including API J55, HCL80, HCP110 and more. Tamagotchi Connection. The TXP ® Buttress connection, with its special shouldered coupling design, offers extra torque and compression resistance as well as greater make-up stability than standard buttress connections. Also we have proffesioal installers. Casing down to use cement cementing, it and the tubing, drill pipe is different, can not be reused, a one-time consumption of materials. Tool joint thread protectors will protect drill pipe, bits, stabilizers, collars, and all API type Spec 7 connection types. Founded in 1979, Steel Service is a leading distributor of premium chrome and alloy production tubing. WT CASING is made with a heavy duty tapered thread, which provides increased strength and enables faster make-and-break connections. About 7% of these are pipe fittings, 2% are earphone & headphone, and 1% are keyboards. Casing whirl – Excessive vibration that sometimes occurs with rotating casing at high RPMs. Improvements in integral joint connections (IJC) for casing in the past decade have allowed operators to drill wells previously not feasible to drill for economic or technology reasons. Download CPF Tech Tools App Now. Pipe performance is discussed as well as material selection. Get reviews, hours, directions, coupons and more for Casing Connection Ltd. In this paper, the theory of the constitutive model is summarized and calibration of the model with experimental test and published data are presented. Tools and accessories required: needle nose pliers, Oetiker pliers, hand spray water bottle, shear ties. A cryogenic freeze is applied to a frac stack to allow a temporary barrier to remove a stuck wireline tool. Bruce Clark 813 views. Goulds 6K3, Plug, casing (Quantity 2), Zinc Plated Steel Material, 6 x 8-13, 8 x 10-13, 4 x 6-16 Connection, Fits Model 18BF, 19 BF, 20BF JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Connection Description. These engineering efforts resulted in significant reductions in tangible drilling costs and substantial increases in the field reliability of the OCTG. Geothermal. Casing classification under ASTM D2996 is Type 1, Grade 2, Class A. Connections: STC (Short round Thread Casing), LC (Long round Thread Casing), BC (Buttress Thread Casing), XC (Extreme-Line Casing). The casing pipe segments are then connected together by welding or by using special connections. We provide STC casing coulings from 4-1/2″ to 20″, in grade J55, K55, N80, L80 and P110. United Casing is a leading distributor of Oil Country Tubular Goods, products like API premium threads, Pup/marker joints, float equipments, premium connection pipe and Provide third party inspection services. In order for the test to take place, a test plug should be set in the casing head or spool. We carry a diverse stock of inventory strategically located across the country. Mark the location of the drop pipe fitting neck on the well casing, drill the pilot hole, and cut. API 5CT Casing Pipe with Premium Connection (equivalent), US $ 1000 - 2500 / Metric Ton, API, API5Ct,API 5L, API 5CT, API J55-API P110. In order to qualify these premium connections, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has elaborated unified structural premium connection testing programs. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS OF TESTS PERFORMED FOR THIS INVESTIGATION As discussed by Wilder et al. The flexible push-pull cable hardware that we provide is trusted for applications in many different markets, and your organization's applications can rely on our housing and casings. casing of the plug). Tejas Tubular Oilfield Services is a leading provider of oilfield services for its customers' in the exploration and production industry. In addition, based on the interest in the development of gas-tight threaded connections for expandable casing, the FEM was subjected to a radial expansion of a 20% increase in the outside diameter. Houston Steve Morey Amoco Production Co. 140 and at meter enclosures located in accordance with 250. SEAL-LOCK FLUSH is a flush OD premium connection with metal-to-metal seal, hooked thread form and external torque shoulder for liner applications. Production casing is the final casing run and is hung from a casing hanger on the surface. In addition to producing API casing, tubing and drilling pipe, we also manufacture non-API OCTG products. It combines the strengths of API Buttress with additional. Casing and Accessories. CASING CONNECTIONS Oilfield tubulars may be equipped with plain ends (no threads), have API specified threaded connections or proprietary (non-API) threaded connections. With over 20,000 tons of OCTG in stock, GB Tubulars is equipped to supply its customers with as many downhole solutions possible while maintaining its unbeatable service in an ever-changing energy industry. The vent connection is to release any air or gases likely to get entrapped in the casing, which is always a possibility especially with split casing pumps and end-suction pumps with side discharge volute. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Dan’s connections and jobs at similar companies. Model number 4 1/2''~20'' 3. Keywords: Threaded Connections, Thread Parametric Study, API Thread Geometry, API 5CT Steel * e-mail: [email protected] The TMK UP™ products include threaded and couples connections for greater cased hole strength and slim profile integral connections that preserve a large casing internal diameter. at 2010 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14207, USA. connections. Clothing Stores in Coffeyville on YP. , drive pipe or marine conductor run to protect loose near-surface formations and to enable circulation of drilling fluid). Casing whirl – Excessive vibration that sometimes occurs with rotating casing at high RPMs. Flush joint connection for Severe liner applications. ABS DWV SPG x SJ Street Trap Adapter is used in a non-pressurized sanitary system to adapt a fitting hub to a tubular trap at the floor or wall. This article descirbes the Tubing and Casing Connections Functional and Operational requirements. Nippon Steel contributes to the creation of a sustainable society with environment-friendly steel production based on life cycle thinking. View Chelsea Casing’s professional profile on LinkedIn. Premium connection casing and tubing is a high technical product combining practice and theory. The thread compound friction factor helps determine the correct amount of makeup torque required for rotary-shouldered connections. The connection efficiencies (Tension, Compression, Internal Pressure, External Pressure) are calculated based on the type of connection and the eventual Special Clearance option. Nominal Weight, Wall Thickness, Connection Type. High Viscosity Gel Application WHEN: For pipelines with a metallic short (i. The Torque Turn logging system is designed to monitor and log data from casing pipe spin-in and makeup operations and to perform data analysis according to given criteria for an acceptable connection. This steel casing pipe can. Well Casing: RCSA Section 25-128-43(d) and Section 19-13-B51f(a) require that the primary well casing shall be. Parts of Centrifugal Pump. Casing and tubing connections come in two main types: API connections (8 round and buttress) which rely on dope to make a seal, and premium connections from a whole host of casing manufacturers that don't and instead have a metal to metal seal, either via a step in the middle of the thread or at the pin. Steel casing and fittings must be new and conform to the requirements of Material Specification 554, Steel Pipe. Casing can be exposed to different loads while installation, drilling next section and producing from the well. In addition, based on the interest in the development of gas-tight threaded connections for expandable casing, the FEM was subjected to a radial expansion of a 20% increase in the outside diameter. For such connections, this standard specifies the technical delivery conditions for couplings and thread protection. Get reviews, hours, directions, coupons and more for Casing Connection Ltd. casing/connections during rotating operations are presented in the list below. The performance of the API LT&C 8 Round casing connection is investigated using 7-in. Integrating TMK IPSCO casing products into your well can give the assurance that comes from highly engineered premium connections and tubulars that are. A deal was created between the two and the company was formed. and Thread Inspection of Casing, Tubing, and Line Pipe Threads METRIC - API THREAD LENGTH FOR MAKE-UP LOSS O. Tubing and Casing with Premium Connection. The use of threaded connection instead of welding is justified by the major productivity and the reversibility of the threaded connections 1. Clean threads with Rag or soft foam and allow to dry. Some literature mention casing (and downhole equipment) contributes up to 15. With our strategically located inventory in every active US drilling. I won't be talking about connections for casing or tubing. Romfor's policy is a minimum of. Knowing the basics about water wells is important whether you are planning a well, are a new well owner or have owned a well for a long time. Hence submersible pumps today are 2 or three wire pumps. Connection designed with refined API BTC Threads and will make up with off-the-shelf API BTC threaded accessories. Moreover, Octal is engaged in providing various premium connection casing pipe, for the server working conditions. The latest generation of T&C premium connection combines full pipe body performances along with user friendliness for running in adverse conditions. LEFFER Heavy Duty Casings are designed for rotary/oscillator boring of pilings in excess of 100M depth. Enhanced Corrosion Resistance – A premium tube for a premium thread. Figure 1 is a simplified diagram of a typical centrifugal pump that shows the relative locations of the pump suction, impeller, volute, and discharge. -V thread, which has 11. TESCO CDS (Casing Drive System) Atwood Falcon G15 December 2009 10 ft 13-3/8” casing pup-joint to lock nipple assy connection NOT Baker-locked !! TESCO 13-3/8” casing shoe track assy Internal BHA locked in lock nipple TESCO guide shoe Internal BHA with 12-1/4” stab TESCO 13-3/8” shoe track assy with internal BHA – locked in lock. Casing spacers shall be approved by the Authority. We carry API, New Limited Service, and Reconditioned tubing and casing. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Oil Field Service in Odessa, TX. As we know, the coupling of steel pipes is a pipe or short pipe with threads on both ends and is used to connect pipes. 5 mm diameter. Since then, internationally proven and accepted, BIG OMEGA™ has been used widely by all major oil companies worldwide, e. Outperforms other connections. casing/connections during rotating operations are presented in the list below. Multi-Thread: Rotate approximately 5/8 of a turn to fully make up. In order to qualify these premium connections, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has elaborated unified structural premium connection testing programs. a superior level of quality and excellent driftability as well as high performance properties. Our Landis threading machines produce this extra strength with API Threads either short, long or buttress. Anything smaller is called tubing, anything larger is casing. The grade reflects the material composition and yield strength of the casing material. Weatherford approached the challenge of connection-integrity mistakes by taking what is currently a manpower-intensive process and automating it. The GB CD Connection performances exceed that of standard API connections. What Are Some Of The Biggest Grammar Pet Peeves? Are GMOs Good Or Bad?. Tubing UPJ connection has successfully completed qualification trials in accordance with specification 13679:2002 “Petroleum and natural gas industries – procedures for testing casing and tubing connections” connection application level 2 (CAL 2). }, abstractNote = {Make-up torque calculation procedures are presented for API-type round thread casing connections with non-API weights, grades, and coupling dimensions. total 1 page 1 records; tel; message; email; map; about us about us culture certificates products octg. Extreme Line Casing (ELC) PMC Lone Star manufactures API Extreme Line Casing working and reference master gages per API Specification 5B for sizes from 5 to 10-3/4 inches in diameter. A pitless adapter should be attached to the well casing by threading or welding in a manner that will ensure a watertight permanent connection. Our TTNY connection is a double lead connection- for every revolution the connection makes up on two threads for faster make-up. SEAL-LOCK FLUSH is a flush OD premium connection with metal-to-metal seal, hooked thread form and external torque shoulder for liner applications. VAM ® has been the leading brand of premium connections in the oil and gas industry for over 50 years. In addition to our API offering, we are also a preferred distributor of the DPM-MT premium high torque drill pipe connection. From the surface to the bottom of the well, the casing telescopes down in size - there are various types of casing depending on their purpose and diameter. Casing Make-Up Torque and Turn. casing string is rotated over the build section) using FEA of casing connections under bending. Tubing Size (OD): 4 1/2" --20" 2. Words Coined In Each Decade Of The Last 100 Years. GB CD Butt connection is used for conventional running, rotating to aid in string advancement, drilling with casing / liners or driving. Some literature mention casing (and downhole equipment) contributes up to 15. Main market:North America,Eastern Europe,Southeast. Drilling with casing and tubing has become a reliable alternative to conventional drilling. Grades: H40, J55, K55, N80, L80, HC N80, C90, T95, P110, HC P110. GB Tubulars is an independent worldwide distributor of Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG). However, if your connection is a flat surface, you may need the Flat Flange Deep Well Pump, which is designed to be installed on a flat surface such as a concrete slab. OCTG Casing Cementing Equipment: standard API 5CT sizes, poundage & material grades (to suit coupled/semi-flush/flush), with BTC, LTC, STC, SFJ® & Blank End for premium connections, with API monogram & mill certs. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Brandon’s connections and jobs at similar companies. The Casing String Design Program for Windows, Casing2, has been developed jointly by Lone Star Steel Company and Maurer Engineering Inc. If API casing connection joint strengths calculated with the previous formulae are the basis of a design, the designer should use higher axial design factors for the connection analysis. The round-thread (STC or LTC) casing-joint strength. the average stress in the casing body. Connection integrity is crucial in drilling and production applications. Threads are used as mechanical means to hold the neighboring joints together during axial tension or compression. These threaded connections are classified as: API, gas-tight, metal to metal seal and premium. 011 794 9588 [email protected] Torque Turn integrated casing tongs and NOV’s casing-ready pipe rackers enable the rig crew to perform all casing pipe handling and logging. casing/connections during rotating operations are presented in the list below. SEAL-LOCK FLUSH offers excellent clearance properties and pipe body burst capabilities. The operation during which the casing is put into the wellbore is commonly called "running pipe. LEFFER offers a full range of casings, casing joints, bottom casings, and accessories designed to meet the rigorous demands of fully cased pile boring for large diameter and deep foundations in the most difficult soil conditions including hard rock. Derek Casing Services takes pride in having extensive knowledge, running all connections throughout Western Canada. Under these conditions, stresses in the casing and connections exceed the yield stress of the material, resulting in permanent plastic deformations that can severely impact the. handling, stabbing, testing, etc); -reusable; Connection types. These products are used under extreme conditions in difficult environments (such as deep wells, steam injection wells, and environments containing H2S and CO2 and geological conditions with high corrosion and stratum pressure).